Understanding common human logical fallacies helps you to avoid falling into them:
- Anecdotal evidence – using a personal experience or a single example to try to make a larger point.
- Correllation does not mean causation
- Straw man – refuting an argument an opponent is not making
- Plausible – thinking that since something is possible / plausible makes it true
- Appeal to emotion – manipulating emotions in place of a valid argument
- Ad Hominem – attacking your opponent instead of their argument
- Slipper slope – Saying that if you allow X, Z will eventually happen therefore X should not happen.
- Black or white – artificially pretending there are only two alternatives
- Bandwagon – using popularity to claim validation (aka trump)